The type of treatment your child is given depends on the type of cancer and the stage at the time of diagnosis.

Your child will usually be treated by members of an Ear, Nose and Throat or Thyroid Cancer Multi-Disciplinary Team (MDT). They will get treatment from different specialists at different times. This may involve travelling to a suitably experienced centre. The MDT will normally consist of an endocrinologist, a surgeon, an oncologist (or nuclear medicine specialist), with support from a pathologist, medical physicist, biochemist, radiologist and specialist nurse, all with a special interest in thyroid cancer. There should also be a paediatric endocrinologist, a paediatric oncologist and a nurse counsellor.

There are two main types of treatment: surgery and radioactive iodine ablation.