March 2017 - The following are research projects involving young people with thyroid disease in the UK. This is not a comprehensive list and there are other projects underway or being planned.
Study of new treatment for Graves’ disease in children has started
The BTF is closely involved in the conduct of a new study looking to see if a trial drug called Rituximab will slow down or stop the thyroid gland making too much thyroid hormone in children. This trial will see if Rituximab can help make young people with Graves ‘ disease better when it is used together with a short course of carbimazole.
Dr Tim Cheetham from Newcastle University’s Institute of Genetic Medicine and BTF Trustee is leading a trial to find a cure for Graves’ in young people. In Graves' hyperthyroidism the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone. Patients with this condition can have tiredness, sleeping problems, poor concentration and weight loss. It is difficult to treat Graves' in the young because the tablets available (carbimazole) have a number of side effects and yet do not usually cure the condition. Only 25% (one in every four) 12-20 year olds will be permanently better after a standard two year treatment. Other ways to treat this disease include surgery and radio-iodine. Surgery and radio-iodine can have significant risks and are not a cure because patients that have surgery or radio-iodine need to take thyroid hormone replacement. Rituximab is a medicine that is already used in other autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Centres that can recruit patients include Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Birmingham while additional units including Doncaster, Edinburgh, Leeds and Sheffield are expected to take part in the near future. For further details contact firstname.lastname@example.org
The National BSPED Thyrotoxicosis Study
This study is looking at how best to administer anti-thyroid drugs (usually carbimazole in the UK) to children and adolescents with thyrotoxicosis. Patient recruitment to this study was slow at first but accelerated following a grant from the British Thyroid Foundation (BTF) in 2008. Over 80 patients have been recruited from around 15 centres in England, Scotland and Wales. The study finishes in 2015 and data analysis will soon commence with the results of the study expected during 2016.
The British Paediatric Surveillance study of congenital hypothyroidism (CHT)
This study has been looking at the incidence of CHT in the UK (how common it is) and other important issues such as what proportion of cases are temporary as opposed to permanent. The study will also provide informastion about how paediatricians manage the condition in the UK. The study is supported by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (TCPCH) and received backng from the BTF. We expect that results from this study will start to appear in the medical literarture in 2016-2017 which will be very exciting.